Smart homes, also known as smart houses, are homes where automation is used to control tasks, according to the needs of the resident.
The idea of home automation is part of the concept of “Internet of Things (IoT)”, which allows extra resources to objects through an internet connection. In other words, a smart home has an integrated system of smart devices that bring objects to life.
Far beyond turning lights on and off
The creation of the X-10 protocol, in 1975, is a milestone in the history of automation as it made it possible to control devices by sending encoded digital signals into the electrical network.
But it was from the year 2000 that automation, in fact, began to be thought of for residential environments. The emergence of companies such as SmartThings and Nest Labs, later bought by Google, demonstrates the concern to simplify technology for the end user.
Currently, home automation for the creation of smart homes does not depend only on electricity networks, as information is also disseminated by sensors. In 2015, AppleCasa was launched and, shortly thereafter, Google Home, which enable the management of housing via smartphones.
Controlling lights, cameras, and automation of the sound and video system are the most sought-after features in home automation technology.
However, there are numerous other options available on the market that allow for a customization really focused on the needs of the resident. Some of these options are:
- Automation and automation control;
- Multiroom audio and video ;
- Camera monitoring;
- Automation of thermal system, such as air conditioning and floor heating;
- Central vacuum;
- Structured cabling for quality internet at various points in the residence;
- Automation of shutters;
- Door access control.
Installation and interfaces for commanding smart homes
The installation of systems for home automation can be done in several ways: through central devices installed in the power panel, through sensors with wi-fi/ wireless connectivity and even through the installation of isolated devices with interconnected connection.
The commands for the entire system to work can be generated by touchscreen, sensors, voice commands, smart keyboards installed at strategic points in the home, among others.
Central command system with touchscreen.
Advantages of a smart home
Comfort is one of the main goals of those who want to have a smart home. Facilities such as remote activation of functions, creation of automated parameters and routines to be followed by the equipment have conquered followers all over the world.
Another advantage is energy savings, after all, the adjustment of programs for maximum efficiency of the equipment and consumption analysis are possible even for the use of water.
Security is also a point that has many advantages. The ability to control, even away from home, the receipt of alerts for access attempts or movement in your home makes all the difference.
When these three indicated points are thought of together, the automation project for a smart home is more efficient.
Tips and cautions for deploying automation systems
- Observe the interoperability and compatibility between devices, both those already in the house and those that will be purchased.
- In case of very large device networks, it is interesting to segment them into separate configurations, by creating different passwords, for example. Likewise, encrypting information is a method of security against external attacks .
- For real savings on the energy consumed, it is important that the devices have sensors and/or energy limiters.
- Frequently examining and testing the system prevents failures and prevents problems. Experts recommend that these tests be done once a month.
Pay attention when choosing the features that will be installed, after all, a house can present the latest release technologies, but if they are not focused on the needs of those who live, it is not, in fact, a smart house.
“The most important technologies are those that disappear. They integrate into everyday life, into our daily lives, until they are indistinguishable from it.” (Mark Weiser)